St Louis Violence - Statistics may be misleading 

According to FBI 2013 statistics St Louis (318K inhabitants) is the 3rd most violent city in US (over 250K inhabitants). But when you consider the whole St Louis Metro area (2.7M inhabitants) then according to the same FBI the St Louis drops to the 38th position in 131 Metro Areas with over 500K inhabitants. And this last number does not even count Chicago, NY, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Minneapolis and Baton Rouge because the lack of some statistic numbers from those cities for the FBI to calculate their Violence Index. So maybe St. Louis Metro would be even lower than 38 position if those exception cities had their violent statistic numbers accounted. 

Here is the reason why St. Louis City has a such distorted violence crime index compared to the whole St Louis Metro Area: The City of St Louis has a very small area (66.2 sq mi) compared to the St Louis Metro Area (8,458 sq mi). And has a very small population (318K)  compared to the St. Louis Metro area (2.7M). On other major metropolitan areas the core city has normally a large area and population even when they are compared to their metro areas: E.g. New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Houston, Philadelphia, Phoenix, etc. The City of St Louis is a small area but packed with a lot of business. And most of the people that work in St Louis City live in the St Louis Metro area. So the St Louis City has a little number of inhabitants. Because St. Louis has a very small area, a very small population, holds a lot of business activity, and also holds a dangerous neighborhood outside of the downtown, then its violent crime rate is very distorted, very high. That is the reason that the violence looks so bad in St Louis City, but when you look from a big perspective, from a metropolitan area perspective, you can really see that St Louis is not that violent. In fact you will see how many other cities are more violent then St. Louis. So please pay attention to what number you see when talking about violence in St Louis. The metro area violence index is much more relevant then the St Louis City violence index. 

Here are the numbers calculated from from FBI crime numbers in 2012:

Metro Area Violence Index

Rank Metro Area Metro Population Violent Crimes per 100K
1 Memphis, TN-MS-AR M.S.A. 1,343,608 1,057
2 Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI M.D. 1,803,403 1,050
3 Stockton-Lodi, CA M.S.A. 702,670 889
4 Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV M.S.A. 1,995,735 697
5 Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN M.S.A. 1,712,682 666
6 Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR M.S.A. 712,592 665
7 Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL M.D. 2,589,623 663
8 Albuquerque, NM M.S.A. 900,072 645
9 Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, CA M.D. 2,620,044 622
10 Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD M.S.A. 2,755,459 621
11 Toledo, OH M.S.A.6 608,831 614
12 Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN M.S.A. 1,915,784 600
13 Bakersfield, CA M.S.A. 859,608 579
14 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI M.S.A. 1,566,214 576
15 Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI M.S.A. 4,288,943 574
16 Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC M.S.A. 843,836 571
17 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL M.S.A. 5,747,489 565
18 Birmingham-Hoover, AL M.S.A. 1,136,805 565
19 Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX M.S.A. 6,150,496 562
20 San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA M.S.A. 4,431,755 551
21 Modesto, CA M.S.A. 523,330 549
22 Oklahoma City, OK M.S.A. 1,285,907 549
23 Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL M.S.A. 2,200,987 546
24 Wilmington, DE-MD-NJ M.D. 716,822 545
25 Tulsa, OK M.S.A. 952,785 543
26 Fresno, CA M.S.A. 951,648 540
27 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL M.S.A. 550,983 538
28 Wichita, KS M.S.A. 636,615 529
29 Jacksonville, FL M.S.A. 1,378,810 513
30 Springfield, MA M.S.A. 627,135 500
31 Boston, MA M.D.1 1,920,886 496
32 San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA M.D. 1,554,315 491
33 Kansas City, MO-KS M.S.A. 2,033,239 488
34 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL M.D. 1,353,405 487
35 Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, FL M.D. 1,804,461 483
36 New Orleans-Metairie, LA M.S.A. 1,220,047 483
37 Tucson, AZ M.S.A. 1,000,369 477
38 St. Louis, MO-IL M.S.A. 2,798,017 464
39 North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL M.S.A. 719,034 451
40 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA M.D. 9,980,757 446
41 Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY M.S.A.1 1,140,160 443
42 Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA M.S.A. 2,196,416 441
43 Tacoma-Lakewood, WA M.D. 815,826 430
44 Durham-Chapel Hill, NC M.S.A. 518,062 427
45 Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN M.S.A. 1,248,616 425
46 Charleston-North Charleston, SC M.S.A. 688,607 422
47 Knoxville, TN M.S.A. 850,421 421
48 Worcester, MA-CT M.S.A. 851,171 420
49 New Haven-Milford, CT M.S.A. 809,772 414
50 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL M.S.A. 2,863,265 409
51 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA M.S.A. 5,434,540 409
52 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA M.S.A. 882,865 407
53 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ M.S.A. 4,309,766 407
54 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL M.S.A. 600,260 404
55 Winston-Salem, NC M.S.A. 651,110 403
56 El Paso, TX M.S.A. 836,557 397
57 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA M.S.A. 13,064,838 393
58 San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX M.S.A. 2,227,800 391
59 Jackson, MS M.S.A. 574,517 387
60 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX M.D. 2,274,440 380
61 Colorado Springs, CO M.S.A.3 669,453 378
62 San Diego-Carlsbad, CA M.S.A. 3,169,187 374
63 Greensboro-High Point, NC M.S.A. 738,208 369
64 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA M.S.A. 4,344,917 369
65 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV M.D. 4,587,696 368
66 Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH M.S.A. 4,629,025 355
67 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL M.S.A. 617,808 351
68 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL M.S.A. 639,944 349
69 Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA M.S.A. 535,393 347
70 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX M.S.A. 6,680,025 345
71 Providence-Warwick, RI-MA M.S.A. 1,604,098 340
72 Camden, NJ M.D. 1,258,086 339
73 Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO M.S.A. 2,635,467 338
74 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA M.S.A. 3,534,349 337
75 San Juan-Carolina-Caguas, Puerto Rico M.S.A. 2,315,683 336
76 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV M.S.A. 5,826,080 333
77 Salt Lake City, UT M.S.A. 1,123,286 328
78 Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX M.D. 4,405,585 326
79 Gary, IN M.D. 710,891 320
80 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX M.S.A. 809,759 319
81 Akron, OH M.S.A. 701,412 318
82 Newark, NJ-PA M.D. 2,489,919 316
83 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC M.S.A. 575,582 313
84 Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA M.D. 2,718,523 309
85 Syracuse, NY M.S.A.1 666,129 304
86 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC M.S.A. 1,703,542 301
87 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT M.S.A. 910,707 300
88 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA M.S.A. 553,808 300
89 Austin-Round Rock, TX M.S.A. 1,810,230 293
90 Dayton, OH M.S.A. 803,255 292
91 Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA M.S.A.3 582,506 289
92 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT M.S.A. 1,023,883 286
93 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA M.S.A. 562,899 285
94 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN M.S.A. 2,123,695 285
95 Rochester, NY M.S.A.1 1,086,565 284
96 Cambridge-Newton-Framingham, MA M.D. 2,287,271 275
97 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA M.S.A. 1,882,748 274
98 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY M.S.A.1 876,182 267
99 Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA M.S.A. 2,279,873 267
100 Raleigh, NC M.S.A. 1,175,043 247
101 Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton, PA M.S.A. 564,136 246
102 Richmond, VA M.S.A. 1,232,458 243
103 Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI M.D. 2,485,540 230
104 Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine, CA M.D. 3,084,081 220
105 Boise City, ID M.S.A. 631,917 211
106 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ M.S.A. 826,611 211
107 Madison, WI M.S.A. 614,928 207
108 Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, MD M.D. 1,238,384 202
109 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA M.S.A. 839,484 198
110 Elgin, IL M.D. 625,305 183
111 Lancaster, PA M.S.A. 524,442 167
112 Lake County-Kenosha County, IL-WI M.D. 874,273 161
113 Nassau County-Suffolk County, NY M.D. 2,858,599 160
114 Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County, PA M.D. 1,892,483 148
115 Ogden-Clearfield, UT M.S.A. 614,396 140
116 Portland-South Portland, ME M.S.A. 516,198 133
117 Provo-Orem, UT M.S.A. 548,142 71
118 Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL M.D. 7,300,952 n/a
119 Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI M.S.A. 9,511,421 n/a
120 Pittsburgh, PA M.S.A. 2,363,571 n/a
121 New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA M.S.A. 19,791,750 n/a
122 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI M.S.A. 3,408,532 n/a
123 Baton Rouge, LA M.S.A. 813,022 n/a
124 Philadelphia, PA M.D. 2,144,972 n/a
125 New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ M.D. 14,043,153 n/a
126 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD M.S.A. 6,012,363 n/a


City Violence Index

Rank Counties/principal cities Violent Crimes per 100K City Population
1 City of Detroit 2,123 707,096
2 City of Oakland 1,993 399,487
3 City of St. Louis, MO 1,776 318,667
4 City of Memphis, TN 1,750 657,436
5 City of Stockton 1,548 299,105
6 City of Baltimore 1,405 625,474
7 City of Atlanta 1,379 437,041
8 City of Milwaukee 1,294 599,395
9 City of Buffalo 1,289 262,434
10 City of Kansas City, MO 1,263 464,073
11 City of Nashville 1,216 620,886
12 City of Indianapolis 1,185 838,650
13 City of Washington, D.C.  1,178 632,323
14 City of Miami 1,172 414,327
15 City of Toledo 1,172 286,020
16 City of Philadelphia, PA 1,160 1,538,957
17 City of Newark, NJ 1,155 278,906
18 City of Houston 993 2,177,273
19 City of Minneapolis, MN 992 390,240
20 City of Tulsa 990 398,904
21 City of Cincinnati, OH 975 296,204
22 City of Oklahoma City 919 595,607
23 City of Boston, MA 835 630,648
24 City of Anchorage 829 299,143
25 City of New Orleans 815 362,874
26 City of Las Vegas  784 1,479,393
27 City of Pittsburgh  752 312,112
28 City of Albuquerque 750 553,684
29 City of Wichita 742 386,409
30 City of Sacramento 739 476,557
31 City of Jersey City, NJ 734 251,554
32 City of Tucson 725 531,535
33 City of St. Paul, MN 723 290,700
34 City of San Francisco 704 820,363
35 City of Dallas 675 1,241,549
36 City of Corpus Christi 658 312,565
37 City of New York, NY1 639 8,289,415
38 City of Phoenix 637 1,485,509
39 City of Jacksonville 617 840,660
40 City of Tampa  616 350,758
41 City of Denver 616 628,545
42 City of Louisville Metro, KY 599 666,200
43 City of Seattle 598 626,865
44 City of Omaha, NE 595 417,970
45 City of Fort Worth 587 770,101
46 City of Long Beach 576 469,893
47 City of Greensboro 563 276,134
48 City of Fresno 543 506,011
49 City of Bakersfield 542 355,696
50 City of Mobile 522 251,516
51 City of Portland, OR 517 598,037
52 City of Arlington 503 379,295
53 City of San Antonio 503 1,380,123
54 City of Los Angeles 481 3,855,122
55 City of Colorado Springs 455 432,287
56 City of Riverside  443 313,532
57 City of Aurora 425 336,952
58 City of El Paso 423 675,536
59 City of Raleigh  423 420,594
60 City of San Diego 413 1,338,477
61 City of Austin 409 832,901
62 City of Santa Ana 401 332,482
63 City of Mesa 400 451,391
64 City of Lincoln 397 264,175
65 City of Anaheim 371 344,526
66 City of San Jose 363 976,459
67 City of Fort Wayne 363 256,625
68 City of Lexington 353 302,332
69 City of Virginia Beach, VA 169 447,588
70 City of Henderson 169 263,469
71 City of Plano 131 273,816
72 City of Chicago, IL n/a 2,708,382



And the FBI already published a partial count of offenses on the first semester of 2013, comparing to the numbers of occurrences in 2012. And the numbers are dropping for St Louis City. I can't wait for the number for the whole St Louis Metropolitan Area!!!

Table 4
January to June 2012-2013
Offenses Reported to Law Enforcement
State City   Population Violent
crime
Murder Rape Robbery Aggravated
assault
Property
crime
Burglary Larceny
theft
Motor
vehicle
theft
Arson
MISSOURI5 ST. LOUIS 2012 318,667 3,028 58 101 877 1,992 10,266 2,262 6,424 1,580 94
2013 2,419 49 162 680 1,528 9,934 1,960 6,432 1,542 79